The President of India has vast powers. They can be classified as Executive powers; Legislative powers; judicial powers; financial powers; and Emergency powers.
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The Prime Minister occupies a unique position of power and prestige. His powers and functions are: He prepares the list of the council of ministers. The president cannot drop any name from this list; The Prime Minister distributes the work to the different ministers.
The Governor is appointed for a period of five years, but holds the office at the pleasure of the President. He may be removed by the President before the expiry of his term or he may even resign.
The leader of the party that commands absolute majority in the Vidhan Sabha is appointed by the Governor as the Chief Minister. When no party secures the required majority, the Governor uses his discretion in appointing the Chief Minister.
The Constitution confers on the Governor a large number of powers which may be classified under the following heads-namely (1) Executive, (2) Legislative, (3) Financial. (4) Judicial, and (5) Miscellaneous.
The powers and functions of the State Legislature may be enumerated under the following heads:- (a) Legislative powers (b) Financial power (c) Control of Executive (d) Electoral Power (e) Constitutional Power.
The main Functions and Powers of the Indian Parliament are : (a) Law making (b) Control over Executives (c) Amending power and etc. The Constitution of India enumerates the powers and functions of the Indian Parliament in Chapter II of Part V of the constitution.