It is true that a part of how human beings learn can be explained by the principles involved in animal learning. But as we know, human learning is much more creative and is based on intelligent actions.
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Every science is based on observation of facts, and hence, observational methods are most common to every science. Like all other sciences, psychology also uses this method to study its subject matter.
Observation forms the basis of any scientific enquiry. It is the primary mode of acquiring knowledge about the environment. Through systematic observation, and a process of induction, the investigator forms hypotheses, which are tested later by using experimental methods.