Essay on language problem in india . India has not one language problem bit a complex of language problems. According to the linguistic survey of India, there are 179 languages and 544 dialects, and epilogists classify them into four distinct family groups-Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Tibet-Chinese.
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Logic deals with the analysis and evaluation of arguments. Since arguments are expressed in language, the study of arguments requires that we should pay carefully attention to language in which arguments are expressed.
Ordinary language has a variety of functions which can be broadly classified into descriptive, emotive and directive uses of language. Logic is concerned with language that functions informatively. Grammatical form of a sentence is not a sure guide to its function.
According to the modern approach to language learning the pupil is expected to learn the tools of the language by constantly using them. These tools are sounds, words and structures. By the continuous practice and use of these tools the pupil acquires certain linguistic skills, important of them are the following:
Foreign language like a foreign plant grows with difficulty on the native soil. That is why the learning of the mother tongue is the labor of love whereas the learning of a foreign language is the love of labor ; one gives hot house existence, another breathes spring time atmosphere.
The aim of the precis writing should be to write sentences which satisfy two conditions, (/) it should have one definite meaning, (ii) the meaning should be clear to the readers.
Language, as Samuel Johnson said, is the dress of thought; it is only the instrument of science, and words are but the signs of ideas.
When people make a great fuss over the merits and demerits of a language they overlook an important point that a language is not merely a means of communicating thoughts but also a way of getting civilized.
It is not surprising that there should be so much confusion and conflict over the issue of language. It is assumed that it is single problem with a unique solution.
We know that the very emergence of culture depends on man’s capacity to communicate. However, the relationship between language and culture is not restricted to this instrumental level, but is of a dual, reciprocal nature. Not only does language reflect culture, it also in a very fundamental way moulds it.