Land is the prime natural resource on which our existence depends. Due to its excessive use, it has been degraded to a large extent.
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Difference: Large Scale, Small and Cottage Industry. The difference among the industries is defined on the basic of use of capital equipment according to instruction of the Government.
The development of industries in an area depends upon the following factors: The industries which use heavy raw material and in a large quantity are generally located in the place of the centre of the raw material. For example, Jute Industries are located in West Bengal; Cotton Textile Industry is located in Mumbai and Ahmadabad.
India is the native place of sugarcane, standing first in the world in respect of its production. We make sugar and other sweetening materials of sugarcane. Bagasses are used in making paper and cardboard.
There is a decline in demand for jute products due to several reasons. (ii) Machinery —Most of the units of jute industry is using old and outdated machinery. (Hi) High Cost—Due to old and outdated machinery the cost of the production of jute articles is increasing day by day. It discourages demand of the jute articles.
Ship-building is a large industry which requires huge capital. At present, Vishakhapatnam, Kolkata, Kochi, Mumbai and Marmagao are major ship-building centres of the country. All these centres are in public sector.
During the three decades of planned development there has been an impressive development of large scale industries, but India still remains predominantly a country of village and small industries.
Tourism is one of the world's most booming industries, generating approximately $4 trillion annually world wide. Over 550 million international tourists, visit different parts of the world every year in order to satiate their desire to know the world. India is called a tourist's paradise where not only the natural beauty but also glorious historical places, monuments are existing.
In most of the developing countries like India, Small Scale Industries (SSI) constitute an important and crucial segment of the industrial sector. They play an important role in employment creation, resource utilisation and income generation and helping to promote changes in a gradual and phased manner.
Fuels serve as a major part of our energy requirement. They are the concentrated store of energy, which is related as heat when fuels are burnt. Fuels are combustible substances of organic origin or artificially obtained substances, which are used for producing heat and energy. Wood, diesel, coal .domestic gas, petrol and biogas are some of the examples of fuels.