Free sample essay on Earthquake in India. India too has a long history of earthquakes. But we have not been able to develop a perfect warning system nor have we been able to identify areas that may experience this natural calamity.
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High rise buildings collapsed like a pack of cards trapping upon hundreds over thousands of people, with a few lucky ones scrambling to safety and a few rescued by civilians, defense service personnel and relief personnel from foreign countries.
An Earthquake is a natural phenomenon and a calamity par excellence. Scientists believe that when the lava in the depths of the earth moves from one place to another, or twists, it causes the earth to shake, and we call it an earthquake.
When the whole country was busy with Republic Day celebration on January 26, 2001, Gujarat experienced a devastating earthquake that took life of more than 15, 0000 people and injured 3 lakhs or more as rescuers struggled hard to reach thousands of trapped survivors.
Earthquake is one of the natural calamities. Its origin can be traced to the early days of earth formation. It is responsible for a lot of damage to living and non-living beings. For many centuries man didn’t know why earthquakes occur and how they occur and to what extent they would damage.
Earthquakes occur sudden by with little or no warning. However, following a major earthquake, the after-shocks may sometimes indicate the likelihood of a further earthquake. On some occasions, an earthquake may be preceded by a less intense tremors or foreshocks.
In general terms, typical impacts and effects of earthquake disasters tend to be : Damage to national infrastructure and disruption to administrative and organizational systems. Sociological and psychological after-effects.
Damage due to earthquakes depends on various factors listed below: It includes various parameters like magnitude, intensity, and duration and ground acceleration due to earthquake. Higher the value of these parameters, higher will be the resultant damage.
As earthquakes cannot be forecast as yet, there is no warning system for earthquakes at present. However, there are areas, which are known to be prone to earthquake activity. Such areas have a standing warning so to say.