Free Short essay on the Problems of Drought in India for kids, school and college students. Drought is caused when there is dearth of water necessary for agriculture. It causes loss of crops. Acute scarcity of water causes suffering to man as well as the other animals.
Tag Archives | drought
Floods, droughts and famines are also natural calamities like earthquakes and volcanoes which man has to face. However, there is a case of floods, drought and famines he is able to control them, diminish the danger and at times even completely eliminate them as in the case of famines.
A drought is characterized by scarcity of water. As an agricultural drought affects most as compared to a meteorological or hydrological drought, it is the agricultural drought, which is of common concern. In fact, when the word drought is used, it commonly connotes agricultural drought.
As drought is very much linked with the performance of the monsoon, the predictability of drought is also linked to the monsoon. However, monsoon, by its inherent nature is highly variable^ time and space which means that rainfall is neither uniform nor evenly distributed.
Vulnerability, from economic angle reduces the demand within the economy generally, increases defaults on loans in rural sector and reduce government revenues. Drought affects national budget as it costs heavily to government for organizing relief measures.
Drought results in shortfall in agricultural production and hence, may cause food shortages. However, due to reduced purchasing power of the poorer sections of the society and if timely help is not available from the community or government, the situation can lead to famine.
Drought can be defined as lack or shortage of water for an unusually long period. It can occur at any place causing anything from inconvenience to deaths through famine. When the rains fail, the effect can be disastrous; no drinking water, crops die, people starve.
Earthquakes are caused by the shaking shifting of the Earth’s surface. They occur suddenly and their impact is limited in terms of time and space. This means that only certain places in a country may experience an earthquake and it is seldom felt for more than a few minutes.