AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a condition in human in which the inbuilt defence systems of the body are destroyed completely. As a result, our body cannot be able to prevent common diseases like pneumonia, diarrhea, tuberculosis or even common cold.
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Anemia often develops slowly. The patient may unknowingly reduce his physical activity, Lowered hemoglobin results in decreased ability to carry oxygen to the cells/ and to return carbon dioxide to the lungs for exhalation.
Niacin, another vitamin of B-complex group, is found in the body in two forms, niacin and proniacin. It is readily absorbed in the small intestine but only a meager amount is stored in the body.
The ICMR has recommended 1.0gm of protein per kilogram of body weight for healthy adult, but this varies with different growth period and physiological stages.
Like thiamine and niacin, riboflavin is a member of the B-complex group. It unites with enzymes to help cells used oxygen. Riboflavin is present in foods in Free State, in combination with phosphate or with protein and phosphate.
The early symptoms start with itching, burning and inflammation of eyelids followed by various eye conditions.
Vitamin A plays an important role in normal vision. It is found in the retina in the form of visual pigments in the photoreceptor system of rods and cones.
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diet because, man lacks the capacity to synthesise it like some animal species can do.
Water is the second essential need of the human body to that of oxygen. One can live without food for days, but cannot live without water for a few hours. Nearly 70 percent of the total body weight is composed of water.
Vitamin-C or ascorbic acid is a white crystalline, odorless compound readily soluble in water and is most easily susceptible to destruction by atmospheric oxidation. It is a strong reducing agent and is comparatively stable in an acid medium, but is destroyed by the action of heat and catalysts such as copper.