Essay on the concepts of Cultural Trait, Cultural Complex and Cultural Pattern. All societies have a culture, i.e. a patterned whole consisting of the material and non material substances. All cultures have the same..
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Essay on The Cultural unity forms a Nation. It is easy to disunite the people than even to create a facade of unity. It is a common phenomenon in all the Third World Countries and those under Communistic regime.
The word “culture” is rather difficult to define accurately and is as elusive as the term civilisation. Culture to the anthropologist refers to the sum total of the possessions of an identifiable group of people.
The social and cultural diversity of the world can be judged from the fact that there are around 820 ethnic groups in 160 countries. Around four percent of the indigenous people live in areas that are highly diverse in the composition of their flora and fauna.
A nation that has no cultural heritage is like an orphan who has nothing to feed upon. An individual human being, a race or a nation must necessarily have certain roots somewhere.
This approach views that individuals’ behaviors and mental processes are strongly influenced by the social and cultural system in which they live. As cultures differ, so also their behaviors and interpretations.
The cross-cultural psychologists study how social and cultural contexts influence human behavior. As cultures differ, so also the nature and interpretations of human behavior. Behaviors judged normal in one culture may be judged as undesirable in another culture.
Cultural environment is composed of people and their culture: folklore, dress, handicrafts, religious handicrafts, work and lifestyle. It also includes the built environment from individual buildings, historic monuments and archaeological sites.
Man evolved from ape-like ancestors by the gradual process of change of form. This is called biological evolution where in structural changes took place. We have also studied the advantages (uniqueness) and limitations of these changes.