Endogamous Marriage

In this marriage the individuals marry within their own tribe, Varna, caste, sub-caste class, race religion etc. The probable causes of the prevalence of this type of marriage are preserving and maintain the group secrets of sacrament and skills, the desire to live separate! From others, to maintain the purity of blood etc. No doubt, endogamous marriage strength the unity within the group but at long run is harmful to national integration. It leads to groupism and other social problems like marital maladjustment dowry, bride price etc.

Exogamous marriage:

Exogamous marriage is just opposite to endogamous marriage. In this marriage individual has to marry outside his our group like gotra, pravar, sapinda or village.


Both the endogamous and exogamous type of marriage exist is some societies. For example, in India the member of a caste is expected to select his or her life partner from within his/her cast/tribe and outside one’s own gotra or totem.

c) On the basis of preference:

Most of the societies put some restrictions on marriage between the kins. However, in some other society’s marriage is socially approved between a limited number of kins, in the said societies marriage is sanctioned between them on the basis of priority or preference! Hence when marriage between kins is socially sanctioned the said type of marriage is known as preferential marriage.

2) Levirate:


It is a type of preferential marriage in which a man marries the window of his deceased


3) Sororate:

It is another system of preferential marriage in which man marries his wife’s sister. It is two types -junior sororate and senior sororate. When a man marries his wife’s younger sister, it is called junior sororate. On the other hand if the marriage is with the elder sister of his wife then it called as senior sororate.