The primary groups are considered to be equally important for the individual and society. They are the medium through which we learn our culture. They prepare the individuals to lead a successful social life. The primary groups perform the following functions:
1) Development of Personality:
The primary group plays a vital role in the development of human personality. It is fundamental, in forming the social nature and ideas of the individual. The primary group’s s as the family, the play-group and the neighborhood play an important role in socialising child. The development of “self’ depends on close, intimate and personal contact among members in the primary groups. Primary groups teach the child the social norms, standard morals, beliefs, values and ideas of the society. The child acquires all his fundamental habits and attitudes of love and affection, sympathy, co-operation, sacrifice, disobedience, right and wrong etc. in the primary groups like family. In the play-group, the child learns to give a take with other children. The play-group affords him early training in meeting his equals. Learning to co-operate and to compete and struggling to express his own will. Primary groups make their member to learn and use culture and help the transmission of culture to succeeding generations. Upon the development of personality depends, in most cases, upon primary groups.
2) Satisfaction of Psychological Needs:
Primary groups satisfy many Psychology needs of the individuals. Individual’s mental peace, contentment and security from the primary groups. They get the advantage comparison ship, sympathy and exchange of throughout and feeling. They reduce mental ten and emotional stresses and strains.
3) Provision of Stimulus:
The Primary group not only provides satisfaction to the individuals, but also pro stimulus to each of its members in the pursuit of interest. In primary groups member get inspiration and co-operation from the others. So, with confidence and courage they work and strive to achieve goals. Primary groups promote efficiency. In a family, a person efficiency for his children that he can never work with such efficiency for himself.-
4) Strengthens the Democratic Spirit:
The democratic spirit is developed in primary groups. Primary groups help the individual to acquire basic attitudes towards people and social institutions. The attitudes of kill sympathy, tolerance, co-operation, mutual help and sacrifice etc., are developed in the groups which provide cementing force to social structure.
5) Agency of social control:
The primary groups acts as an informal agency of social control. It controls the behavior of its member and regulates their relations in informal ways. For example, family, neighborhood, peer-group control much of the activities of their members.