Transport system is a mirror of economic development and material prosperity. Division of labour leading to large scale production, areal spe­cialization and commercialization, which are inte­gral part of modern civilisation, are the off-springs of modern means of transport and communication. In fact, development, being multi-dimensional proc­ess, rests upon the resources of any region in general and infrastructural facilities like transport and com­munication in particular.

It is the transport which helps in the movement of raw materials, fuel, ma­chinery, etc. to the points of production and finished products to the points of marketing and consump­tion. The transport also helps in the better and fuller utilization of resources of any backward region by linking the same with the relatively more advanced and developed one.

The expansion of transport fa­cilities accelerates the process of industrialization and urbanization. The transport also helps in main­taining the uniformity in prices, removes scarcity of goods during the time of crisis, minimises the effects of natural calamities, aids in maintaining law and order and good governance and promotes national integration and cohesiveness. In a developing coun­try like India without an efficient transport system no dream of economic development and self-reli­ance can be achieved.

India, being a vast country, requires an efficient and cheap transport system for rapid and balanced development of the country’s economy. A1 though the country has every mode of modern transport system but still there are hundreds of village which are not connected by all-weather roads remain isolated from the rest of the country during rainy season.


The transport system is sluggish, poorly maintained and time consuming. The rate of intro­duction of new technology is slow and the stage o environmental pollution is alarming. Here an at­tempt has been made to analyse the spatial pattern” of different modes of transport and various problem associated with them.