Short essay on the Telecommunication System of India

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The transfer of information from one place to another is called telecommunication. Today telecommunication system plays a vital role in economic development of a country. Post and Telegraph:

First modern postal service in India started in 1837 AD.

First postal stamp in India was issued in 1852 AD in Karachi which was valid only in the province of Sindh.

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First Ail India Postal Stamp was issued in 1854 AD. ft Postal Department was established in 1854 AD.

Money Order Service was started in India in 1880 AD. ft Post Office Saving Bank was started in India in 1882 AD.

Post Life Insurance was started in India in 1884 AD.

Railway Postal Service was started in India in 1907 AD.

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To facilitate sorting and speedy distribution of mail, Postal Index Number Code (PIN Code) was introduced in 1972. India has been divided into 8 zones on the basis of PIN codes,

Speed Post System was started in India in 1990.

Telephone:

First Telegraph line in India was started in 1853 between Agra and Kolkata.

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First Telephone service was started in India in 1881 AD in Kolkata.

S. T. D. Phone facility was started in India in 1960. This facility was first available between Kanpur and Lucknow.

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited was started in four Metropolitan cities of India in 1986 AD.

Mass Communication:

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ft Radio and Television are the media of Mass Communication,

First Broadcasting was started in India in 1927 by two private company. in Kolkata and Mumbai.

Indian Broadcasting Service was established in India in 1936 AD and the Broadcasting Service was named as “All India Radio”.

Again in 1957 the Broadcasting Service was renamed as Akashvani.

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Print Media:

First Weekly Newspaper Bengal Gazzete was published in 1780 in Kolkata.

In India largely published Newspapers are in Hindi.

Press Trust of India (PTI), United News of India (UNI), Samachar Bharti and Hindustan Samachar are the four News Agencies of India.

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