Short Essay on Persian Works of Bahamini Rulers

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Some of the important histories written under the patronages of the Bahmani Sultans such as Sirajut Tawarikh by Muhammad Lari, Tuhfatus Salatin by Mulla Dawud of Bidar and Tarika-i-Muhammad Shahi of Mulla Abdul Karim Hamadani are now extant. But they have been incorporated by Firishta and Tabataba in their works.

A number of works were produced on Sufism and mysticism. The great saint Banda Nawaz wrote a number of works including Kitab-ul-Khatima, Jawami-ul-Kalim, and Amsarul Asrar. Mahmud Gawan was a great writer and his works Manazirul-Insha and Riyaz-ul- Insha are very famous.

The former is a treatise on the art of Persian epistolography while the latter is a collection of letters written by Gawan and Bahmani sultans to kings, scholars, poets and other eminent persons. A Sanskrit work on veterinary science was translated into Persian and was entitled Tarjma-i-Salhutar.

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Arabic

Bahmani kings were great patrons of Arabic literature. Some of the eminent scholars who flourished under their patronage were Sadrush Sharif Samarqandi, Muhammad Badakshi, Shaikh Burhan-ud-din, and Shaikh Siraj-ud-din Junadi.

Firuz Shah was himself a scholar of Arabic and used to give lectures on logic, mathematics, geometry, etc. Banda Nawaz wrote a number of works in Arabic particularly a commentary on Quran which was given the title Ummul Madni, besides glosses on Tafsir Kashshaf and Mashariqu-l-Anwar.

Shaikh Ala-ud-din had several works to his credit. Some of them were Fiqh Makhdumi, Tafsir-i- Mahaimi, Addilat-ul-Tawhid, etc., Mahmud Gawan was himsellf a scholar of Arabic. His letters contain many Arabic verses.

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