Essay on immigration
Immigration is what carves the picture of the modern world. Travelling from one country to other for trading had been popular since historic times. Immigration means the one way flow of the population to a specific place or country. People move out of the native country or state for various reasons. Better employment opportunities and a desire for a better living and future are the main driving forces. Though, in present times there are several other reasons like immigrating for education and/ or seeking political asylum in neutral countries etc.
As said earlier, immigration forms the present face of the world. America is nothing more than unison of immigrants coming from different parts of the world. Even, the Aryans, who are the predecessors of north Indians, are believed to have migrated from Middle Asia to India. Immigration acts in both directions of development, the positive as well as negative. On one hand, it opens the way for talented and professional work force from the other lands. But it also enhances the rate of competition and struggle for sustenance for the locals. Several youths leave their birth land and move to the developed nations hoping to face a better future and improvised life. Some of them do it in a right manner by following the proper procedures of attaining visa. They are the true beneficiaries of this global exchange of man power. But then there are considerable numbers of youths who are misguided by the traders. They adopt the back door entry rule and immigrate illegally to the destination countries. Illegal immigration poses several hazardous effects not only on the economy of the nation but in some countries the laws are very strict. If caught, in any manner these immigrants are right away sent to police custody.
Entering any country without the permission of the local government is a crime. India also faces such illegal immigrations from neighbouring countries. In lure of good jobs, education, and living standards the citizens of the neighbouring countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, etc. enter India in bulk. There is another volatile factor that the country has to face and that is terrorism. Most of the terrorists cross the border along with these immigrants only. Therefore, surrounded by the hostile neighbours, illegal immigration has serious repercussions in our country.
The other side of the coin is also not very encouraging. Indians migrate to various countries like USA, UK, and gulf nations for better jobs and education etc. Besides the illegal immigrants, the legally allowed professionals had to face stern reactions from the local society. Racial discrimination is one of the commonest tackled problems. Governments of USA and UK are modifying their immigration laws and making them stringent to stop the inflow of professionals from India and China. The immigrants from these countries have posed a real threat to the local populace in terms of talent and workmanship. But implementation of such tactics is nothing but an act of desperation. In the present global scenario, barring any particular race or community is an instance of narrow thinking only. Legal immigrants pay taxes to the local government and are a major part of the developing economy. However, for smooth functioning of the society it becomes necessary to make a cut off line and check the illegal immigration.