Every society has a structure of its own. But it changes whenever new forces of transformation emerge. Similar is the case of Indian society and culture. India is an agrarian country and three-fourth of her population is engaged in agriculture. Agricultural economy forms the material basis for Indian people.

It determines India’s social organization and institutional matrix. Further, sometimes immemorial Indian society is construed in which role and status of each individual is ascribed. Besides, on account of historical reason, Indian society reveals a diversified cultural pattern. Further inspite of this diversity there exists unity among all cultural patterns.

This unified form is known as Indian culture. But by the early part of 20th century, Indian society and culture has experienced a decisive transformation as an impact of the modern social forces.

On the even of the British conquest, Indian society was composed of a multitude of villages. Each village was independent and the sufficient social life was governed by caste and community rules. But the introduction of modern means of transport and communication dissolved economic self-sufficiency of Indian villages.


Village economy became an integral part of the national development of transport and communication political consciousness, social legislation and industrialization have casted tremendous influence of Indian society and culture. Besides,

India’s community development programme is a powerful innovative force working in manifold was to aid the growth of nation. In this venture, India has blazed a trial for many new nations to follow, in social revitalization through new attitudes, new practices and new way of thinking. A planned change has been directed. The impact of these factors may be observed in the following spheres of social life.

The religious origination did well to the society in the same proportion.