Indian Railway system is the country’s biggest nationalized undertaking; it is the largest in Asia and the second largest in the world. The Railways are the largest employers in the country.
It was Lord Dalhousie who suggested the system of trunk lines connecting the hinterland of Bombay, Bengal and Madras provinces with their principal ports.
2. The First Train:
On April 16, 1853, the first train ran between Bombay (Mumbai) and Thana, covering a distance of 34 km.
3. The Second Train:
Howrah and Huggley in 1854.
4. Government Take-Over:
On the advice of the Ackworth °mmittee, the Government took over the management of the bulk of the railways in 1892.
The First electrification of Indian Railway was introduced in 1925, when Bombay V.T. to Kurla (Via Harbour Branch), a distance of 16 kms was covered. The first electric train ran from Kalyan to Poona.
Largest marshalling yard in India is at Mughal Sarai (U.P.)
The largest railway platform in India is Kharagpur (W.B.) About 2733 ft. large. I
The Indian Railways system is the largest in Asia, and the world’s second largest railway system. ii
As of today, about 85 percent of the stations have interlocking system of signalling which increases line capacity in addition to providing greater safety, by eliminating human errors and failure.
10. Motive Power:
As on March, 1984, this consisted of 10211 engines of which 6212 were steam engines, 2805 were diesel engines and 1194 were electric engines.
11. Fairy Queen:
Guinness Certificate for Fairy Queen-the oldest working Steam Locomotive in the world.
12. Longest Railway Tunnel:
Between Monkey Hill and Khandala (Central Railway)-2100 metres long.
13. No. of trains run (approx.):
14. No. of Stations:
15. Double Engines:
It is proposed to introduce double engines for the major express and passenger trains.
16. Route Length :
64,015 km.(as on 31st March, 2009); Broad Gauge (1.676 mm) – 96,851 km; Metre Gauge (1.000 mm) – 11,676 km: Narrow Gauge (762 & 610 mm)-3072 km. Total route km. -63,327,83,89 running track km. and 109,227 km. of total track length.
17. Third Class :
The third class (III Class) on the Indian Railways was abolished in 1974.
18. Railway Station at the highest altitude: Ghoom on Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway at a height of 7,408 ft.
19. First Railway Terminus:
Bori Bunder (V.T.), Mumbai.
20. Most tunnels on a route :
Kalka-Shimla rail route (102 tunnels).
21. Durnato Express :
The non-stop point to point rail services introduced for the first time in 2009. These trains connected the metros and major state capitals of India and are faster than Rajdhani Express.