Short Essay on Divorce

A consistent surge in the number of divorce cases has been evident in the recent years. This is a reflection of changing societal norms and perceptions. A significant change in economical, psychological and emotional mind set of the society is noticeable. Indian society is facing the transitional times. The deep rooted customs and cultural values are being replaced by the modern thinking and beliefs. In Indian society, marriage has always been treated like a life-long relationship. Once the nuptial knot is tied the man and the woman are supposed to be together throughout their life. For this, each of them is expected to make compromises and adjustments to make this relationship stand the testing of times. It is not far ago, when divorce was considered as a social taboo. But a lot had changed in the recent years.

According to government statistics, around 55000 divorce cases were pending in the year 2011. The divorce cases filing have increased not only in metropolitan cities but the trend has crept into the small towns and villages also. Social incompatibility and the lowering levels of patience and tolerance in the individuals have emerged as one of the leading causes of dissolution of marriages. Though, it is tough to systematically formulate and enlist the probable factors that lead to divorce. The institution of marriage is so intricate and personal that what comes on the surface can only be called as the ‘tip of the ice berg’.

‘Incompatibility’ has been cited as one of the prominent reason by males who are seeking divorce. Females, however, are more adjustable in nature and do not consider it this excuse valid enough to demand a divorce. Monetary gains or discords have been the most common cause for female populace. Newlyweds are harassed mentally as well as physically by the in-laws in lure of dowry. But the women education and economical empowerment has made a huge difference. Now, significant numbers of women are raising their voice against such malpractice. They don’t shy from fighting for their honour and dignity and move out of the strained relationships. Adultery and inappropriate behaviour is also responsible for the failure of marriages. The reasons can be umpteen and as said earlier, it is hard to make a full proof layout of the causes of divorce.


In India, the legal system is quite complicated and the procedure might take a long course of time. Government has set up special courts to effectively meet the ever increasing filing of divorce cases but still the queue is long for those who are in waiting. Indian legal system follows different rules for different religions. Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, and Buddhists can seek divorce under Hindu marriage act. There is separate board for Muslims, Parsi and Christian community. Special marriage act is applicable in inter-religion or inter-community weddings.

Marriage is an institution which is important for the sustenance of the structure of the society. The decision becomes even more difficult when the children are also involved. Restitution of the marriage should be tried by both the partners. No two humans are same. There are always the positive and negative points of an individual. First of all, it is important to make a wise decision when one is getting married. Sincere efforts to make the marriage flourish should be done. And, in case, everything seems to fall apart, it is always better to let the things rest in peace and start the life afresh.

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