Firstly, in the first place, it led to the independence of the thirteen colonies and they joined hands to form the Confederation of the United States which ultimately led to the formation of the United States of America. England formally recognized United States as an independent state under the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Secondly, the independence of the colonies led to change in govern­ment. The former royal and .proprietary colonies henceforth became” Republics under the Confederation.

Thirdly, it contributed to the creation of a new society by banishing the conservative elements. During the War of Independence the Torries and loyalists consistently sided with Britain. After the war they were either expelled from United State or very harshly treated. It has been estimated that about 100,000 loyalists left United States for Europe or Canada. The banishment of these elements contributed to the creation of a new society.

Fourthly, it led to the abolition of the Anglican church in all the colo­nies, where it was supported by the taxes collected from the people.


Fifthly, the American Revolution led to far-reaching social and political reforms. It gave a serious set back to slavery. After the war, slave trade was either prohibited or heavily taxed in eleven states. Education was secularized and democratized. Far-reaching reforms were introduced in penal codes and prisons.

Sixthly, it affirmed the principles of liberty and democracy. The Declaration of Independence by proclaiming that “all men are created equal” and have been endowed by the creator with inalienable rights like right to life and liberty and pursuit of happiness, paved the way for liberty and democracy.

It provided an impetus to the people of the world to demand liberty and freedom. By redistributing confiscated land and politi­cal power the American leaders established the basis of equality and de­mocracy in the American society.

Seventhly, the American War of Independence taught the British in particular, and the other European powers in general, a lesson that exces­sive and unnecessary interference in the internal affairs of the colonies could not be tolerated by the local people. Therefore, more considerable policy should be adopted towards them.


Further it convinced them that ‘colonies are like fruits and when they are ripe, they will fall off.’ This lesson was not lost by the British imperialist^ and in future they always yielded whenever their colonies became restless and agitated for liberty. In England, it had an immediate effect in so far as it led to “the collapse of the personal rule of George III and assumption of power by the Whigs. With this constitutional government was re-established in Britain.

Eiglitly, the American Revolution led to the emergence of a novel system of government, viz. Federalism. The thirteen colonies after gaining independence from the colonial yoke decidcd to form a loose form of confederation to protect themselves, which was subsequently converted into a federal system.

This system of government was a novel one and grew in popularity with the passage of time. Most of the states which decided to adopt federal system was greatly inspired by the American exmaple.

Ninthly, as a result of the American Revolt, France and Spain made certain gains. France recovered Tobago in West Indies, Senegal in West Africa, while Spain got Minorea and Florida. However, at the same time these countries suffered heavy losses. Their naval forces were virtually smashed by the British naval forces.


Finally, the American War of Independence greatly contributed to the outbreak of French Revolution. France as a traditional rival of England extended full support to the colonies in their struggle against Britain, which greatly strained her finances and ultimately contributed to the