Subhash Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack on 23rd January in 1897. This Orissa born child got his education in Orissa itself. This child got very highly impressed by the teachings of his headmaster, Mr. Beni Madhav Das.

This teacher taught him to be patriotic and to always love India. He learnt about the rich heritage of India at the feet of this same headmaster. After a solid grounding in school, Subhash got his college education in Calcutta.

After the completion of his college education, he left for England to appear for the examination of the Indian Civil Service. He went for this examination in February 1919, he passed it with flying colours, coming forth from among all the candidates who had appeared and succeeded in the examination. However, as he did not wish to serve the British Government, he resigned from the service and returned to India.

On coming back to India Subhash joined the Indian National Congress to fight for India’s independence from British rule.


He became the President of the Congress but had to resign from the position due to some differences with Mahatma Gandhi. In 1941, when the Second World War broke, he was interned in Calcutta under a police squad – but, he somehow managed to escape and straight away went over to Germany. In Berlin, he made the Indian National Army with the prisoners of war who were Indians soldiers serving in the British army. Now, at this stage of his career, he came to be known as Netaji.

He also founded an Indian Radio Station which he named as the Azad Hind Radio in Berlin. From this channel he would often broadcast calls for his countrymen suggesting certain political activities during the process of war. From Berlin, Netaji went to Japan where, the Indian National Army was further expanded with an addition of many more soldiers, and even civilians.

With this boost of the numbers in the army, the Indian National Army became a large force, with Netaji as the commander of the force. This army declared war against the British and fought at the Burma front, and hoisted the Indian national flag in Impala in Manipur.

The war suddenly took a turn for the worse as, Japan who was an ally of the I.N.A. surrendered, so, the Indian National Army also had to surrender. On the advice of some of his officials, Netaji sought help from the Russians. For talks with Russia, he left for Russia, in a Japanese aircraft. As soon as the aircraft took off, it met with an accident and Subhash Chandra Bose died on the spot, on the 18th of August in 1945.


Subhash Chandra Bose will ever remain in the annals of Indian History as a great patriot and nationalist, who gave his life in the service of the Nation.