The population of India has increased at an alarming rate after Independence. Because of over-population, there is poverty. The increase in population is due to the fall in death rate. There is better medical facility and the death rate has, therefore fallen.

Because of over-population, there is unemployment, poverty and food problem. There are many reasons of over-population. The poor people have more children. They think that children are the gifts of God. Some people think that a man who has many sons and daughters is a lucky person. Parents who have only daughters go on producing children until they have a son.

It is necessary to solve the problem of over-population. Family planning should be adopted to control the birth of children. Uneducated people should be made aware through various programmers that having more children is a burden on them and the couples who have one or two children should be given awards.