The constitution is a body of laws according to which the country is governed. Our constitution contains our national goals as Democracy, Secularism and Socialism. To achieve these goals it gives a plan of government. In addition, our constitution enumerates our rights and duties.
A constituent Assembly was constituted on 9th Dec., 1946 to frame a new constitution for India. The members of the constituent I Assembly were 308 and the temporary chairman of the Assembly was Sachidanand Sinha. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was made the chairman of the constituent Assembly on 11 Dec., 1946. A Drafting committee was appointed to draft the constitution. The chairman, of this Drafting committee was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days for the constituent Assembly to complete its work.
The constitution was passed by the constituent Assembly on 26 November, 1949 and some part of it was enforced on the same day and the whole constitution came into being on 26th January, 1950. On that day India became a Republic. Since then this day is celebrated as the Republic Day.
The Preamble of our constitution–
With the following words our constitution opens-We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens :
Justice: social, economic and political.
Liberty : of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
of status and of opportunity, and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT JJSEMBLY this 26th day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION. This is called the Preamble of our constitution. A Preamble given which the purpose of the constitution is given.