Sociology is comparatively a new science, hence its scope is yet to be determined clearly and scholars differ about its definition too.
Sociology is the science of social science. It includes all the aspects of society. Thus, infact, sociology includes all the subjects which are studied sociologically. It studies social traditions, process and behaviour, forms of social events and their interrelation impact of social forces on social relations, etc. in social life.
The preceding analysis of the scope of sociology clarifies its relation with social philosophy. The two study the same problems from different angles and with different methodology. Social philosophy is a normative science, while sociology is prescriptive one. But both facts and values, deals and ideals are important in human life.
Sociology studies the society within the limitation of time and place, but social philosophy studies human society as a part of universe value without facts are empty ideals, facts without valves are meaningless. Thus social philosophy and sociology are interdependent. Social philosophy takes the facts from sociology and examines them in the light of the supreme goal of human life. The following are the fundamental differences between sociology and social philosophy:
The subjects of study in sociology and social philosophy are different whereas social philosophy studies human values, sociology examines social relations, processes, events and the facts related there to. If at all sociology considers values, it considers them as facts.
The approach of sociology is factual while that of social philosophy is exilogical. Sociology describes social relations as they are, but social philosophy evaluates them in the light of supreme human ideals and values.
The method of sociology is scientific, but that of social philosophy is philosophical. Social Philosophy looks at every event as a part of the whole from a synoptic view point based on direct perception, intutional, learning and logic. Hence it is critical not merely descriptive.