The President is the chief executive of the Indian union. It is hi. duty to enforce the laws passed by the Parliament. All orders of the union government are issued in the name of the President.

Election of the President

The President of India is elected by an- electoral college consisting of the elected members of both Houses of Parliament and of the legislative assemblies of the states in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

Qualifications for the President ship-


1. He must be a citizen of India.

2. He must not be less than 35 years of age.

3. He must be eligible for being elected member of the Lok Sabha.

4. He must not be holding any office of profit under any government.


Tenure-His term of office is 5 years and he is eligible for re­election.

Impeachment of the President-The President may be impeached on charge of “violation of the constitution”, Such impeachment can be moved in either House of the Parliament by means of a resolution. Such a resolution can be moved only, if days notice in writing duly signed by at least one fourth of the to a membership of the House concerned is given. Such a resolution – be passed by at least two-thirds of the total membership of the house concerned.

Powers of the President:

Executive Powers


The President of India appoint following senior officials of the country:

1. Prime Minister

2. Ministers

3. Chief Justice of India and Judges


4. Chief Justices of the states and judges

5. Attorney General

6. Comptroller and Auditor General

7. Governors of the states


8. Chief Election Commissioner

9. UPSC Chairman and members

All union territories are under the President of India and all executive actions are taken in his name.

Legislative Powers


The President of India can-

1. issue ordinances.

2. send messages to the Parliament.

3. dissolve the House of People (Lok Sabha).

4. return bills for reconsideration.

5. appoint twelve members to the Raja Sabha and two Anglo- Indian members to the Lok Sabha.

6. summon and Prorogues to the Parliament.

Judicial Powers

The President of India was empowered to grant pardons, reprieve, remit the sentences or suspend, remit or commute punishment.

Emergency Power-

By using the Article 352 he can proclaim emergency in the country if the situation so arises.

These are only theoretical powers of the President. In fact, all these powers are exercised by the President on the advice of the cabinet.