Culture is of two types, namely material and non- material.

1. Material Culture

Material culture consists of man-made objects such as tools, implements, furniture, automobiles, buildings, dams, roads, bridges and in fact the physical substance which has not been changed and used by man. It is concerned with the external, mechanical and utilitarian objects.

It includes technical and material equipments like a printing press, a locomotive, a telephone, television, a tractor, a machine gun etc. It includes our banks, parliaments, insurance, schemes, currency system, etc. It is referred to as civilization.

2. Non-Material Culture

The term culture when used in its ordinary sense means non- material culture. It is something internal and intrinsically valuable, reflects the inward nature of man.


Non-material culture consists of the words the people use or the language they speak, the beliefs they hold, values and virtues they cherish, habits they follow, rituals and practices that they do and the currencies they observe. It also includes our customs and tastes, attitudes and outlook, in brief the ways of acting, feeling and thinking.