The counseling psychologists are trained professionals whose primary focus is to help and guide persons experiencing mild personal, emotional, and social problems. This branch has many overlapping concerns with the field of clinical psychology. A large number of clinical and counseling psychologists are employed in hospitals, clinics, and educational and vocational institutions.

In many cases, they work in close association with the psychiatrists in treating people with severe emotional disturbances. While psychiatrists treat patients with drugs, counseling psychologists use a variety of cognitive and behavioral management techniques to help clients for achieving personal effectiveness.