India follows the system of representative democracy. This means that people elect their representatives to power to run the government for them. Representative democracy works in a particular way. People group themselves into political parties according to their views and objectives. These parties choose their candidates. During the campaign before an election they announce to the people their would-be programmes and policies. This is known as the ‘party manifesto’.

Some people contest elections as independent candidates too, if they do not wish to join any political party. The role of political parties is very important in a democratic system. The members of political parties keep the people informed about important issues by holding public meetings, for either supporting or opposing the policies of the government. Thus, the political parties help the people in knowing what they should expect and in turn mould the public opinion.

Name a few political parties of your region.

Elections are held every five years in our country for both the Central and State Legislatures or even earlier if the government falls. The parties put up candidates according to their ability, commitment to the party policies, and dedication to serving the people.


Find out when the last elections for the State Legislature were held in your region.