The Prime Minister occupies a unique position of power and prestige. His powers and functions are:

1. He prepares the list of the council of ministers. The president cannot drop any name from this list;

2. The Prime Minister distributes the work to the different ministers;

3. He can dismiss an erring minister;


4. He presides over the meetings of the Cabinet;

5. He supervises and co-ordinates the working of various departments;

6. He is the main spokesman of the ministry;

7. He is a link between the council of ministers and the President.


8. He advises the President on the issue of making appointments;

9. He advises the President to dissolve the Lok Sabha; and

10. He plays a leading role in making all policy statements as also the preparation of the annual budget.