Bahadur Shah I’s son, Jahandar Shah, came to throne in AD 1712. He ruled with the help of Zulfiqar Khan, the most powerful noble of the time. But after barely a year, Jahandar Shah was defeated and his nephew, Farrukh Siyar, ascended the throne.

During the reign of Farrukh Siyar, the real power was in hands of the Sayyid brothers- Hussain Ali Baraha and Abdullah Khan Baraha. They are popularly known as the ‘Kingmakers’. In AD 1719, they removed Farrukh Siyar and raised two more rulers to the throne each of whom ruled for a brief period. Thereafter, in AD 1720, they made Muhammad Shah the emperor.