Like other evolutionists, Marx saw a series of successive changes of increasing technological complexity, from primitive hunting to modern industrialism. Each stage had its appropriate mode of production, while all other elements of the culture were brought into harmony with it. Each stage contained within itself “the seeds of its own destruction”, for each stage inevitably created the conditions which destroyed it and led to the next stage. Marx thus viewed capitalism as brutal and exploitative but as a necessary preparation for the transition to communism. He saw the eventual overthrow of capitalism and the emergence of communism as absolutely inevitable, despite anything which capitalists might do to prevent it.