The most serious treat to wildlife is posed by habitat destruction. Expanding agriculture, industry and urbanization etc. are the causes of this destruction. Realizing the importance of the wildlife resource and in order to prevent the gene erosion, our country has taken up steps by setting up an Indian Board of Wildlife (1952), creation of Wildlife Parks and Sanctuaries, enactment of an All India Wildlife Protection Act (1972), becoming a party to the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Spices of Fauna and Flora (CITIES,1975), launching a national component of the UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (1971) and by starting conservation projects for individual endangered species like Hungal (1970), Lion (1972) , Tiger (1973), Crocodiles (1974) and Brown-antlered Deer (9181). The wildlife (Protection) Act governs wildlife conservation and protection of endangered species. The Act prohibits trade in rate and endangered species. The wildlife Act is adopted by all states except Jammu and Kashmir, which has its own Act the centre provides financial assistance to states for: (i) Strengthening management and protection of infrastructure of national parks and sanctuaries; (ii) Protection of wildlife and control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife products; (iii) Captive breeding programmes for endangered species of wildlife, (iv) Wildlife education and interpretation; and (v) Development of selected zoos.