The available natural resources in a country determine its socio-economic strength. Technological knowhow and economic determinism enhance the resource use capability of the country for development. A balance between environmental constraints and economic policies is required for sustainable development. The measure of sustainability of a country is indicated by parameters of sustainable development. Towards achieving this, stewardship of both natural and human resources is of prime importance. A major goal of sustainable agriculture is to provide food and fiber for the world’s growing population while minimizing resource inputs, improving land management practices, protecting natural ecosystems, and improving human health and socio-economic equity. Achieving sustainable agriculture may require radical changes in many areas and in the future, may lie at the crossroads of modern, intensive, technological agriculture and more traditional, environmentally benign farming methods. Industry is a powerful social institution and thus is a major player in determining the kind of world in which we live. Achieving sustainability will require that sustainable practices become a dominant management theme and an accepted or even expected way of doing business throughout the corporate world, both in industry and agriculture.