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The Constitution provides for a High Court for each state. Every High Court has a Chief Justice and other judges. The number of the other judges is fixed by the President as he deems it necessary from time to time. The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the Governor of the State. For appointing judges of the High Court, the Chief Justice of the High Court is also consulted. The Judges of the High Court serve till the age of 62 years or until they resign on their own or are removed by the President for adopting unconstitutional methods. A High Court is the highest court of justice in a State. It has original jurisdiction over cases relating to wills, divorce, marriage, company laws and fundamental rights. The High Court has appellate jurisdiction over all criminal and civil cases. A High Court also supervises the working of a lower court and can scrutinize the records of the latter. At district level, two courts known as subordinate courts fall under the High Court. They decide both civil and criminal cases. The highest civil court is that of a district judge. The highest court in a district to hear criminal cases is that of a session’s judge. Cases related to dacoit, murder, theft, etc., are brought here. The judges and magistrates of the district courts are appointed by the Governor of that particular state. Revenue Courts, Nyaya Panchayats and Lok Adalats are the other courts which function in a State.

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