193 words Paragraph on Constitution of India


The term ‘Constitution’ symbolises all those principles, rules, customs or conventions which determine the organisation of a state and the structure of the Government. Thus every state must have a constitution. Different authors have defined constitution in their own distinctive ways. Austin defines constitution as ‘that which fixes the structure of supreme government’. Woolsey defines constitution as ‘the collection of principles according to which the powers of the government, the rights of the governed and the relations between the two are adjusted’. Bryce says ‘the constitution of a state consists of those of its rules or laws which determine the form of its government and the respective rights and duties of it towards the citizens and of the citizens towards the government”. Thus we may deduce from the above definitions that constitution determines the form or structure of the government, its powers and functions vis-a-vis the executive, legislative wing and the judiciary, the rights and duties of the citizens, the mutual relations amongst various organs of the government and the relationship between the citizens and their government. Therefore a state without a constitution is unthinkable. The democratic form of state constitutional in character.


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