4 main Elements of Directing formulated by Massie:

1. It includes the issuing of orders that are clear, complete, and within the capabilities of subordinates to accomplish.

2. It implies a continual training activity in which subordinates are instructed to carry out the particular assignment in the existing situation.

3. It necessarily involves the motivation of workers to try to meet the expectations of the mangers.


4. It consists of maintaining discipline and rewarding those who perform properly. The process of directing function consists of supervision, leadership, motivation and communication.