Short Notes on Why Forests are Affected by Wars
Both World War I and World War II had a major impact on forests. In India wars led to reckless cutting of forests to meet British war needs. In Java the Dutch followed a scorched earth policy to prevent logs of wood from falling into the hands of the advancing Japanese.
The forests during war times became a no man’s land and were subject to abundant plunder and destruction.
After Java fell into Japanese hands, the Japanese too exploited the forests for their ends.
Many a local people took advantage of war situation and usurped forest lands and expanded cultivation.