Short notes on the structure of liver

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Short notes on the structure of liver

The liver is the largest gland in the body weighing about 1.6 kgs. It is reddish brown in colour and it is covered with a connective tissue cap­sule. The liver is heavier in the male than in the female. It is a wedge shaped organ lying immediately below the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium and epigastrium. The liver has two lobes namely the large right lobe and the small left lobe. Besides this it has superior, inferior, anterior and posterior surfaces.

The right lobe is much larger than the left and division between them is marked by falciform ligament on the anterior surface. The under surface of the right lobe is further subdivided into two smaller lobes called the quadrate lobe and caudate lobe. A thin walled pyriform sack like struc­ture called the gall bladder is present in a groove in the inferior surface.

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