In Madras, Tirunelvelli was the centre of revolutionary activities. Being deeply influenced by the fiery speech of Bipin Chandra Pal, Chidambaram Pillai turned a revolutionary.
With the help of Subrahmaniya Shiv, Pillai set up a revolutionary organization in Madras in 1908.
Both Shiv and Pillai from the very beginning took initiative to develop contacts with the working class and infuse them with anti-British feeling.
The revolutionaries of Madras took revenge of the mass firing by the murder of Ashe under whose order the firing was opened (1911).
In South India a very small group of Tamilian revolutionaries included the renowned poet, Subramaniya Bharati. Later on, he became a disciple of Savarkar.