1. Rapid growth of population in comparison to the rate of growth of resources hampers the process of economic development.
2. Increase in population reduces the per capita income and lowers the standard of living in an economy.
3. In India rapid growth of population has put in more stress soon its economic and social infrastructure thereby aggravating the problem of poverty and unemployment.
4. Due to enormous population a large portion of national income is used on consumption and less is left for saving which in turn reduces the capital formation.
5. As a result enough employment opportunities cannot be created which further aggravate the problem of poverty. Poor people in India are ignorant, illiterate and have very less means of entertainment. So they end up adding more to the population.