Notes on different Schools of Law

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There are different schools of law. The Positive or Imperative or Analytical school of Law led by John Austrin views law as the command of the sovereign who is a determinate human superior noncompliance of whose authority is visited with physical punishment.

The Positive or Imperative or Analytical school of Law led by John Austrin views law as the command of the sovereign who is a determinate human superior noncompliance of whose authority is visited with physical punishment.

The Pure Science of Law school of Hans Kelsen treats law as the command not of the sovereign or superior but the command of a higher type of law. This school speaks about some legal norms to which all laws should conform.

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The Sociological school led by Laski, Duguit and Krabbe views law from the standpoint of social requirements. All laws depend on popular acceptability- and are directed for social good and social solidarity.

The Historical School led by Sir Henry Maine describes law as a gradual- growth and reflection of the general feeling of right and wrong. It is not the command of the sovereign but keeps pace with the historical movement.

The Philosophical school lays emphasis on the attainment of social goal by following human reason. It aims at social justice and is concerned with the Tightness of law.

The Functional school of Law led by Pound examines the functions of law along with the result of its application. This school tries to balance the conflicting and competing social interests and examines as to what the law does and what it prevents.

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