Poverty is a situation in which a person is unable to get minimum basic necessities of life like food, clothing and shelter for his/her sustenance. In order to alleviate poverty some poverty alleviation programmes have been undertaken. They are:

(a) Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna [SGSY]:

This is a centrally sponsored programme or scheme which has been in operation since 1980. The main objective of this programme is to help the existing poor families to come above the poverty line.

(b) Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna [JGSY]:


The main objective of this programme is to generate employment for those men and women who do not get sufficient days of employment in rural areas especially after the cultivation of crops till the harvest in between the villagers don’t get jobs. This programme results in creation of community assets.

(c) Prime Minister’s Rojgar Yojana [PMRY]:

The aim of this scheme is to provide self-employment to the educated unemployed particularly in the urban areas; all the educated unemployed in the age group of 18 to 35 are expected to benefit from this scheme.