Brief notes on the Administrative Structure and Social Life Administration


The Kondavidu king enjoyed absolute powers as his contemporaries in other kingdoms. He was at the apex of the administration.

He was assisted by a council of ministers that included the commander-in-chief of armed forces, the chief priest, chief administrator, etc. Next in hierarchy were the crown prince and the Prime Minister who enjoyed more or less equal status.

Among the lower staff, there are references to such officers as kavile sampratts or record keepers and rayasam or accountant.


The king was the fountain head of justice, the highest court of appeal. He was advised on legal matters by the purohit or priest. Dharma Sabhas or courts were established to decide civil and criminal cases, on the basis of dharma sastras.

Trial by ordeal was frequently resorted to. The punishments were quite harsh. The person sentenced to death was required to put on red clothes, taken to vadhya sila or stone of execution where his head was chopped off.

The kingdom was parcelled out into bhumis which further divided into simas. The latter were subdivided into nayakangarams. Several nadus were included in a nayakangaram. Gram or vitage was the lowest unit of administration.

There were several officers such as grama bhatlas, karnam or accountant, purohit or priest and a police official who looked after administration of the village. Each nayakangaram was placed under a nayak or a military chief. Several bhumis were looked after by a durga or a fort.

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