A simple communication process model can be described as consisting of the following steps:

1. Message sender:

This is the source of information or in the imitator of the communication.

2. Encoding:


In this step the ideas to be conveyed are encoded into series of symbols or gestures, or some other format of expression.

3. The message:

The message is a physical form of die thought which can be experienced and understood by one or more senses of the receiver. It would be in the form of hearing, or other physical gestures.

4. Channel of communication:


It is a vehicle used for the transmission of the message. The channel bridges the gap between the sender and the receiver. It may be a fact to face conversation, telephone conversation, a written form or through any form of gestures.

5. Perception of the message:

The message is received by the person for whom it was meant and he becomes the receiver of the message.

6. Decoding process:


The receiver decodes the message for the purpose of interpreting and understanding the meaning of the message, the more effective the communication.

7. Action:

This is a response from the receiver who has received and accepted the communication. This may be compliance with an instruction, or simply filling of the message for future references.

8. Feedback:


A feedback determines whether the message was clearly understood and the required action taken. The feedback to the sender completes the process of communication.