Civil Disobedience movement was a part of the overall movement initiated by Gandhiji for the achievement of independence from the foreign rule.
The Non Co-operation movement that had begun in 1919-20 while received enthusiastic support from the people, its abrupt suspension in 1922 occupied people with a strong feeling of despondency.
Once again new enthusiasm was discernible in the wake of opposition to the Simon Commission.
The movement in protest against the formation of the Simon Commission and visit of its members to India is an important event in the history of freedom movement in India.
For from this time onwards Indian youths participated in the freedom movement in greater number. In this respect the names of Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose deserve special mentions.
In fact, it was on the initiative of the younger members that for the first time demand for ‘complete independence’ was raised from the Congress platform in 1929 (Lahore Congress). Refusal to accept the demand for independence by the British Government within specific time-limit created the background for the Civil Disobedience movement.