The significance of the term ‘unity in diversity’ in the Indian perspective is obvious. For the diversities of India are so palpable that it would appear as if India is not a country, but several countries.
Yet on a closer examination it would be seen that despite apparent diversities there are various instances that would emphasize the inherent unity of India.
(1) Ancient poets and philosophers of India always meant the whole of India when they referred to Bharatabarsha.
(2) Culturally all the Indians are bound together.
(3) Sanskrit language which is the origin of most of the languages spoken and written in India may be regarded as a unifying force.
The idea of India as our geographical units also persisted in the minds of the conquerors as also the cultural leaders.