Transport and communication occupy an important place in the economic and social development of a country.

Importance of Transport:

A country cannot develop so fast without a developed transport system. Development of roads facilitates utilisation of natural resources lying unutilized in different hills, mountains, forests and mines. Transport system helps to send raw materials, fuel and machineries to different industries at right time and runs the industry.

Transport system helps to raise the production of raw materials, fuels and machineries etc. by providing market to it. Transport system widens the size of the market. Due to selling of commodities in an extensive manner in large areas, it leads to large-scale production. As a result industry of firm gets the advantages of large-scale production.


A developed transport system reduces regional industrial disparity by facilitating establishment of industries in backward areas, because the backward area is brought nearer to developed area with the help of a developed transport system by sending raw-materials to the backward industrial centre and by selling the products of industries in different areas.

Transport system helps to solve the problem of unemployment in rural areas by sending surplus labourers to the industries and it also solves the needs of industries. Development of transport system also leads to development of industries because transport system utilizes the product of industries.

Different machineries and raw materials are supplied through roads, ships, motors, buses, trains, aero planes to industries. It shows that transport system of a country affects economic development of a country in different manner.

Transport system is regarded as a strong pillar to protect the people from the difficulties of war, natural calamities and other problems. Transfer of military equipment, soldiers and war heads is possible only through a developed transport system during war. A developed transport system is necessary to send necessary helps to the affected people during the period of natural calamities.


Except this, transport system helps to establish relationship among different parts of the people and strengthens the feeling of unity and brotherhood among the people. Lastly it makes India one and undivided.

Importance of Communication:

Communication is the medium of sending information and news. Communication system helps industrialists and business communities to take right decisions at right time by providing them information’s and news related with business and financial matter. It is possible to know about the price of the commodity prevailing at any part of the world in no time and also helps to operate their business according to that through communication system.

So, communication system facilitates economic development by sending information. It is possible to change the outlook and style of living of the people according to changing conditions of the world.