The following steps are involved in a personal guidance programme.
(1) Collection of all the Information or Data:
First of all, the essential information or data concerning the individual, who needs personal or psychological guidance, should be collected. It may be concerned with his physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, academic or scholastic achievement; personality characteristics, interests and aptitudes, family and school background and other environmental conditions. Thus an adequate picture of the background and personality make-up of an individual should be drawn in the mind for the solution of the problems, faced by individual.
(2) Diagnosis of the causes of the problems:
Now the Problem of the individual is analysed in the relations with the collected information. The causes lying within the individual or his environment are detected. For having a correct diagnosis, a personal interview or other techniques may also be adopted and more information if needed may also be acquired.
(3) Thinking about the Remedial Measures:
In view of the detected possible causes the remedial measures are chalked out. The Guidance worker now thinks about the personal guidance that may be provided for the individual in gelling rid of his trouble.
(4) Rendering Personal Guidance :
By establishing proper rapport, the Guidance personnel makes the individual realize the main cause of-his difficulty or trouble sometimes, on this bases he is made to realise or even think about the possible change in his behavior or attitude. For this purpose so many valuable techniques like suggestion, initiation, sympathetic, affectionate advice, sublimation or catharsis, psychoanalysis or other psychological theory can be adopted. The sole purpose of such guidance is to help or assist the individual in getting rid of his difficulty either by modifying his behavior or bringing some changes in his environment.
(5) Follow-up Service:
After rendering personal guidance to an individual, it is essential to evaluate the progress or outcome of such guidance through personal interview, contact or any other suitable technique. It is such follow up programme that helps in knowing the strength and weakness of the administered personal guidance. It may also suggest the need of further guidance to him or any alternation in the proposed guidance.
The knowledge about the above mentioned process of personal guidance is not only needed by the guidance personnel specially appointed in the school, but the head-master and teachers also make themselves acquainted with it teachers with their unique position in the school, are able to develop close contacts with children and may be able to know the real cause of a trouble. With a little training, they learn the art of rendering personal guidance to their students.
Therefore our schools are acquired to play their due role in this direction. In every school, the head of the institution should try to organise a personal guidance programme with the active help of his staff and co-operation of the parent and state guidance services.