The significant elements to prepare an action research project are:

1. The problem area must be identified.

2. The specific problem must be selected very carefully.

3. Diagnosing the probable cause of the problem.


4. The action hypothesis must be formulated. By action hypothesis we mean the slating of an idea, a hunch or a new approach that certain desired outcomes are expected from the proposed action.

5. Action programme must be prepared and carried out.

6. Collection of the data facts gathered to find out the degree to which the goal was achieved. This step is known as verification of the hypothesis.

7. Generalizations to be formulated and conclusions drawn and the generations to be tested in subsequent action situations.


I. Selection of the problem:


A teacher should select a problem in which he is really interested. He must feel the need of probing into it because of his experiences in the field. It is better lo select a problem in which other teachers are also interested, and group work is possible.

II. Delimiting the problem area:

From abroad problem area a specific problem should be pin-pointed.


III. Diagnosis of the difficulties:

The success of the action research will depend upon the success of finding out the underlying causes.

IV. Formulation of action hypothesis:

This must be very carefully done. For example “If attendance is taken before the morning assembly the phenomenon of late coming will be reduced.”