The process of educational guidance, like the general patient of guidance process, involves three important Phases:
(a) Collecting information of data:
(b) Rendering guidance on the basis of this information.
(c) Follow-up programme.
(a) Collecting Information or data:
In the first phase it is required to collect the full information or data regarding the people. The information like the following can be collected for this purpose:
1. Details concerning his health and physique.
2. His intelligence and other cognitive abilities.
3. Details concerning his scholastic attainments.
4. His interests, aptitudes, attitudes and other personality characteristics.
5. Family history and background.
6. Details concerning his social and emotional development.
7. Details regarding the previous school attended.
8. Details regarding his company and friendships.
Various techniques like personality tests, achievement tests, intelligence tests, aptitude tests, Attitude scales, interviews, questionnaires, rating scales, inventories, observations etc. can be employed for collecting these information or data.
The knowledge of the above mentioned aspects is not sufficient for an educational guidance worker. He has also to keep useful information regarding the following educational aspects:
(i) Curriculum and subjects taught in the school.
(ii) Co curricular experiences and other activities performed in the school.
(iii) Information regarding future courses of study, occupations and professions.
(iv) Information regarding the admission in specialized institutions and their environment.
(v) Information regarding various techniques and methods of learning.
(vi) Information regarding scholarships, free-ships and other financial grains lo deserving students.
vii) Collecting necessary knowledge and techniques for rendering help to the students in removing their educational weaknesses and problems.
(b) Rendering Guidance:
The next phase concerns with the work of actual guidance imparted to the needed one. It is rather a difficult task. It requires the complete analysis of the information gathered about an individual. On this bases certain conclusions are derived about his personality make-up and adjustment. These conclusions further provide a base for making decisions about the nature of guidance to be given to the individual in question. For example he is guided to select a course on a method of learning or a mode of study that suits his individuality as well as his peculiar environment.
(c) Follow up programme:
The work of guidance worker docs not slop with the rendering of guidance but it requires some more efforts on his part in the form of some follow-up programme. Under this programme the progress made by the child. On accounts of the guidance given to him, is evaluated. On this basis, required steps if necessary, are taken for giving him any further guidance or necessary changes arc introduced in the previous guidance programme. Under every situation, it is to be seen that the child becomes able to solve his educational problem-developmental or adjective. It happens, then and only then we can think about the success of a guidance programme.