Short Note on Stalin’s Collectivisation Programme
Acute shortages of grain supplies and outdated mode of production on small land holdings led Stalin to introduce the system of collectivisation.
Under collectivisation, land was taken away from peasants, Kulaks eliminated and large state controlled farms established. Peasants were forced to cultivate on these collective farms (Kolkboz).
Large size of farms enabled introduction of modern techniques and machinery. Land and implements were transferred to the ownership of the collective farms. A profit of the farms was to be shared among the peasants.
Many peasants resisted collectivisation. Resistance was severely punished. Many peasants were deported or exiled.
Collectivisation however did not lead to increase in production immediately.