It was to be remembered that there was a basic clash between the interest of the common people and those of the British rulers.
Under the British rule such policies were framed that affected all classes of people. The peasants were the worst sufferers as a result of the new-revenue policy introduced by the British.
The economic policy of the British ruined the artisans and the craftsmen. The educated middle class suffered from unemployment.
The educated Indians found that even after receiving fairly good education. They could find no employment. Further, the few Indians who received employment soon discovered that they were discriminated against.
That is to say, most of the high posts were reserved for the English people.
Thus all sections of people were discontented and realized that their condition would not be improved unless the country is made free.